Jean-Luc Mélenchon was elected at the 10th count with 29,983 votes (65.63% of the votes).
Jean-Luc Mélenchon is a well-known and influential French politician. Born on August 19, 1951, in Tangier, Morocco, he has dedicated many years to the field of politics.
Mélenchon began his political journey as a member of the Socialist Party in the 1970s. Throughout his career, he held various positions, including serving as a senator from 1986 to 2000 and holding ministerial roles in the French government.
In 2008, Mélenchon co-founded the Left Party along with other left-wing politicians. Known for his passionate speeches and fiery rhetoric, he became its co-president. In 2012, he ran for the presidency as the candidate of the Left Front coalition, securing the fourth position with around 11% of the vote.
With the establishment of his own political movement called La France Insoumise (France Unbowed) in 2016, Mélenchon aimed to challenge traditional left-wing parties and promote a more radical and populist agenda. In the 2017 presidential election, he ran as the candidate of La France Insoumise, garnering approximately 19% of the first-round vote, narrowly missing the runoff.
Mélenchon has been a vocal advocate for social justice, workers’ rights, and environmental issues. He is critical of neoliberal policies and advocates for a more equitable economic system. His powerful oratory skills and grassroots campaigning have helped mobilize supporters and amplify his message.
Policies about technology and the Internet
- Digital Rights and Privacy: Mélenchon has been an advocate for protecting digital rights and privacy. He has voiced concerns about surveillance, data collection by tech giants, and the erosion of privacy in the digital age. He supports measures to safeguard individuals’ rights online and regulate the use of personal data.
- Net Neutrality: Mélenchon has emphasized the importance of net neutrality, the principle that all internet traffic should be treated equally without discrimination or prioritization. He believes in ensuring fair and open access to the internet for all, preventing internet service providers from favoring certain content or services over others.
- Digital Sovereignty: Mélenchon has emphasized the need for digital sovereignty, particularly in relation to France and Europe. He supports efforts to reduce dependence on foreign technology companies and develop domestic digital industries. This includes promoting European alternatives to platforms dominated by American tech giants.
- Workers’ Rights in the Digital Economy: Mélenchon has raised concerns about the impact of automation and digitalization on jobs and workers’ rights. He has advocated for measures to protect workers in the gig economy, such as ensuring fair wages, social protections, and access to collective bargaining.
- Climate and Technology: Mélenchon has acknowledged the potential of technology in addressing climate change. He supports investments in green technologies, renewable energy, and sustainable infrastructure as part of the transition to a low-carbon economy.
- Digital Inclusion: Left-wing policies aim to bridge the digital divide and provide equitable access to technology and digital resources. This involves initiatives such as expanding broadband infrastructure to underserved areas, promoting affordable internet access, and implementing digital literacy programs to empower individuals with digital skills.
- Open Source and Open Data: Left-wing politicians often support the use of open-source software and open data standards in government and public institutions. They believe in the importance of transparency, collaboration, and the ability of communities to contribute and benefit from shared technological resources.
- Ethical Tech and AI: Left-wing policies focus on the ethical implications of emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI). They seek to ensure that AI systems are unbiased, transparent, and accountable. They also advocate for regulations that protect against the automation of jobs and promote worker rights in the face of technological advancements.
- Corporate Accountability: Left-wing politicians prioritize holding tech companies accountable for their practices, including issues such as tax avoidance, labor rights, and responsible data management. They advocate for fair competition and regulations that prevent monopolistic behavior and protect smaller players in the tech industry.
- Sustainable Technology: Left-wing policies emphasize the development and adoption of environmentally sustainable technologies. This includes supporting renewable energy solutions, promoting energy-efficient practices in the tech sector, and encouraging the use of technology to address climate change and promote sustainability.